The annual maize output is around million tonnes. The main producer is the USA, which produces around 41 per cent of this. Maize was first cultivated several thousand years ago and there are now more than cultivated species. Over time several main species have emerged, however, which differ mainly in the properties of the maize kernels. Flint maize has a hard kernel with a round shape. This species was discovered by Columbus in Central America and was also widespread in the Caribbean at this time.
From there, the flint maize found its way to Europe, Asia and Africa. Another maize species besides flint maize is dent maize, which is characterised by a soft, floury endosperm between the hard, horny outsides of the grain. This maize species, as well as hybrid varieties produced from flint maize and dent maize, play the most important role in the economy today. Popcorn is a variant of flint maize. Popcorn was cultivated by the American Indians, making it one of the oldest cultivated maize varieties.
Today maize is also cultivated and optimised using genetic engineering. Around 70 per cent of maize cultivated in Germany is used in animal feed.
The remaining 30 per cent is processed further in the food industry to create various products. The most well-known and most important are grain maize, where the maize kernels are separated from the maize cob preserves , corn starch cornflour , glucose syrup, maize germ oil, cornflakes, popcorn, polenta, puffed maize snacks and maize paper including cigarette paper. Only a very small proportion of the maize output is traded on the international markets, since the largest proportion of the maize produced is consumed directly in the country of origin.
Maize is exported primarily to Latin America and Africa. The Middle East and Asia are also important importers of maize. Intraday 1w 3M 1y 3y 5y Max. Score One for Corn: Corn Latest Price Trade Time. Maize is a very robust plant which can be cultivated all over the world. In many countries maize is a basic foodstuff, whereas in North America and Europe the grain is fed mainly to animals. In these countries maize only enters the diet of humans through meat consumption.