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Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference. Foreign Exchange Market in India operates under the Central Government of India and executes wide powers to control transactions in foreign exchange. After independence, FERA was introduced as a temporary measure to regulate the inflow of the foreign capital. But with the Economic and Industrial development, the need for conservation of foreign currency was urgently felt and on the recommendation of the Public Accounts Committee, the Indian government passed the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, and gradually, this act became famous as FEMA.
However, a new Foreign Investment Policy announced in July , declared automatic approval for Foreign Exchange in India for thirty-four industries. These industries were designated with high priority, up to an equivalent limit of 51 percent. Initially, the Government required that a company's routine approval must rely on identical exports and dividend repatriation, but in May , this requirement of Foreign Exchange in India was lifted, with an exception to low-priority sectors.
In , foreign nationals and non-resident Indian investors were permitted to repatriate not only their profits but also their capital for Foreign Exchange in India. Indian exporters enjoyed the freedom to use their export earnings as they found it suitable. However, transfer of capital abroad by Indian nationals is only allowed in particular circumstances, such as emigration.
Foreign Exchange in India is automatically made accessible for imports for which import licenses are widely issued. From to the Rupee was coupled to a trade-weighted basket of currencies. In February , the Indian Government started to make the Rupee convertible, and in March a single floating Exchange Rate in the market of Foreign Exchange in India was implemented. In July , Rs Since the onset of liberalisation, Foreign Exchange Markets in India have witnessed explosive growth in trading capacity.
While the Indian Government has clearly adopted a flexible exchange rate regime, in practice the Rupee is one of most resourceful trackers of the US dollar. Predictions of capital flow-driven currency crisis have held India back from Capital Account Convertibility, as stated by experts. The Rupee's deviations from Covered Interest Parity, as compared to the Dollar, display relatively long-lived swings.
In an unparalleled move, the Government is considering to use part of these reserves to sponsor in frastructure investments in the country. The transactions are made on spot and also on forward basis, which include currency swaps and interest rate swaps.
The main centre of Foreign Exchange in India is Mumbai, the commercial capital of the country. With the development of technologies, all the Foreign Exchange Markets of India work collectively and in much easier process. Foreign Exchange Dealers Association is a voluntary association that also provides some help in regulating the market.
The Authorised Dealers and the attributed brokers are qualified to participate in the Foreign Exchange Markets of India. Besides the Authorised Dealers and Brokers, there are some others who are provided with the limited rights to accept the Foreign Currency or Travellers' Cheque; they are the Authorised Moneychangers, Travel Agents, certain Hotels and Government Shops.
The Foreign Exchange Market in India is a flourishing ground of profit and higher initiatives are taken by the Central Government in order to strengthen the foundation.
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