Bangko Nasyonal ng Pilipinas ,  Castilian Spanish: PNB is one of the largest banks in the Philippines. It was established by the Philippine government on July 22, , during the American Occupation. The bank was acquired by tycoon Lucio Tan after it was privatized by the government, and became the first universal bank in the Philippines in PNB had branches in the Philippines and 13 branches overseas as of end The Philippine National Bank was established as a government-owned banking institution on July 22, Its primary mandate was to provide financial services to Philippine industry and agriculture and support the government's economic development effort.
World War I , then raging in Europe, generated huge demand for the country's major exports namely: However, not much was being done to develop the industries that produced these sought-after crops since access to credit facilities was limited. To solve this problem, Henderson Martin , Vice Governor of the Philippines, together with Miguel Cuaderno who later became Central Bank governor drafted a charter for a national bank.
An American, Henry Parker Willis , was its first president. With PNB's establishment, Filipinos had a bank of their own. PNB was authorized to grant short and long-term loans to agriculture and industry. PNB was also authorized to receive deposits, open foreign credits and rediscount bills. The following year, it established five more domestic branches and another outside the Philippines in Shanghai , China.
It was given the special power to issue circulating notes. PNB briefly ceased operations in January but reopened the next month under the supervision of Japanese authorities. With the establishment of the Central Bank in , PNB's role as issuer of currency notes, custodianship of bank reserves, sole depository of government funds and clearing house of the banking system ceased.
In , it was authorized to operate as an investment bank with powers to own shares and to issue debentures. In , it established the National Investment and Development Corporation to engage primarily in long-term and equity financing of business ventures. It also started the Dollar Remittance Program. In , PNB became the first universal bank in the country. However, it encountered difficulties in the mids as a result of the economic downturn triggered by the assassination of Senator Benigno S.
For a while the bank was headed by Roberto Benedicto, a classmate of President Ferdinand Marcos and the head of the sugar industry monopoly. In , Benedicto agreed to turn over ownership of that bank to the Philippine government in return for criminal racketeering and conspiracy charges against him being dropped.
The privatization started in when 30 per cent of its shares were offered to the public and it was listed on the stock exchange. Later that year, privatization continued with a second public offering of its shares. In , the Securities and Exchange Commission approved the Bank's new Articles of Incorporation and by-laws and the change in the status of PNB from a government-based to a private corporation with the control of the government reduced to 46 per cent. In early , the Lucio Tan Group became the single biggest private stockholder.
In less than one year, the group pumped nearly P20 billion of fresh capital into the bank. In late , when PNB suffered huge withdrawals, mainly from the government accounts, the government provided P25 billion in financial aid. In May , the Philippine government and Lucio Tan signed an agreement to swap the government's loans to shares.
The accord increased the government's stake to 45 percent from 16 percent and reduced Lucio Tan's holding to 45 percent from 67 percent. Tan as its youngest bank President. The bank was able to repeat this feat and reported an income of P million by end In August , PNB became fully privatized.
The Lucio Tan Group exercised its right to match the P Despite being fully privatized, PNB continued to be a government depository bank until May 3, On December 7, , the Supreme Court of the Philippines affirmed a judgment dismissing the state's sequestration of Lucio Tan 's companies: On December 12, , official statements from PNB and Allied Bank confirmed the impending merger of both banks by early The merged bank became the 4th largest private domestic bank.
Tarriela will be the chairman and Mier will be the chief executive of the merged bank. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the central monetary authority of the Philippines, see Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas. For the India -based bank, see Punjab National Bank. Philippines portal Companies portal. Diyaryo Filipino in Filipino. In return, the U. Prosecutors say firm was created to launder money.
Lucio Tan, First Division, Dec. Banks in the Philippines. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas. Cooperative banks Rural banks. Retrieved from " https: Pages using citations with accessdate and no URL CS1 foreign language sources ISO All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from October Webarchive template wayback links Pages using deprecated image syntax Pages using infobox company with unsupported parameters.