A manager chooses how the fund is invested and each investor owns a proportion of the total fund. The value of the fund goes up and down each day. Each fund has its own rules about what the fund manager can invest in. Some funds invest in only one type of asset such as property , while others spread the risk across different types of assets for example, bonds, shares and property. You can invest in a single fund, or a mix of funds.
Funds that mostly invest in lower-risk assets such as bonds and cash will have more stable returns, but are not likely to grow as much as higher-risk assets over the long term.
Funds that include less stable investments, such as property and shares, are more risky, but are also likely to have higher returns over the long term. Not all names mean the same thing — When choosing a fund, make sure you find out exactly what it invests in. Compare risk — New legislation requires providers to use a risk indicator to show how volatile a fund is how likely it is to go up and down in value.
You will find this in the product disclosure statement PDS you get before you invest, and in fund updates. Check when you can sell — Some managed funds allow you to sell your units daily, while others have less frequent options. You may also have to give notice. This can be days or weeks.
For KiwiSaver funds, your money is generally locked in until the age of eligibility for NZ Superannuation which is currently Check your fund update — Each quarter or at least once a year , your fund manager will publish a fund update. This information will help you keep track of your investment and will include:. Active funds that aim to outperform an index , tend to be more expensive than passive funds that track an index because they require more investment expertise.
Funds report how much they charge for their services. This is the total of all the fees listed below:. Check our list of licensed fund managers — We issue licences to providers that meet the minimum standards required by law.
We also monitor managed fund providers. Find out what education and experience the fund manager has — Their success depends on their skill at choosing investments particularly for actively managed funds , and knowing when to buy and sell.
It can be a warning sign if a fund has a high turnover of managers. Look at fund performance — Past performance is no guarantee of future performance but it can give you an idea how a fund has performed compared with similar funds, and how consistent returns have been over the long term. For advice about your personal situation, we recommend you speak to a financial adviser.
Investors What's new Prepare to invest Ways to invest Bonds Binary options Capital notes Cash investments Crowdfunding Cryptocurrencies Foreign exchange trading Gold and other commodities Managed funds Peer-to-peer lending Property investment Property syndicates Shares Software packages and seminars Choose your investments Track your investments Getting financial advice KiwiSaver and superannuation Avoid scams Free resources. The different types of managed funds Each fund has its own rules about what the fund manager can invest in.
Things to look out for Not all names mean the same thing — When choosing a fund, make sure you find out exactly what it invests in. This information will help you keep track of your investment and will include: This is the total of all the fees listed below: Management and administration charges.
Other charges — captures all other fees, such as member fees. Ways you can reduce your risk Check our list of licensed fund managers — We issue licences to providers that meet the minimum standards required by law. Where to get more information For advice about your personal situation, we recommend you speak to a financial adviser.
Binary options Bonds Cash investments Capital notes Crowdfunding Foreign exchange trading Peer-to-peer lending Property investment Property syndicates Shares Software packages and seminars. Share this Share on Facebook Tweet this https: Key things to know before you invest Funds with similar names may invest in quite different things The risk indicator should only be used as an initial assessment of risk Fees can vary considerably You may not be able to access your money immediately.More...