Banc De Binary was an Israeli financial firm with a history of regulatory issues on three continents. It sold binary options on assets including foreign exchange. It was barred from accepting U. In countries where it was not banned, the company operated an online trading website through which customers could buy binary options, predicting whether the price of a certain commodity will go up or down in a specific time period, as short as 60 seconds.
The price of the option was not a market price, but was set by SpotOption Exchange itself. The Wall Street Journal described it as "a website that allows people to bet on the price of gold, oil or stocks". The company allowed people to wager on changes in the price of various assets by using a pricing platform provided by an Israeli company, SpotOption, and customised by Banc De Binary. Customers did not own the asset but instead predicted whether its price would rise or fall.
The company offered several kinds of options; customers could make predictions of the price of over global assets including commodities , stocks , indices , and currencies using several variations of the trading platform including classic binary options ,  long term options, and sixty second options,  and pairs trading.
In January , Option. According to the fake news site, Hawking developed a trading algorithm which would in effect transfer wealth from the top 0. The site led to a trading site operated by Option. A second journalist traced the scam to Banc De Binary, which did not respond to his inquiries. Hawking's office at Cambridge University denied any connection to the scam. Banc De Binary Ltd. The organization was founded by Oren Shabat Laurent, a year-old as of American and Israeli citizen who lives on the outskirts of Tel Aviv.
A company official announced on January 9, that the company would be closing because of "consistently negative press" coverage. The firm remains under supervision by CySEC regarding previously incurred obligations and the formal closing of the firm. The Times of Israel reported that some industry insiders were skeptical that Banc De Binary was really closing, but was rather relocating and changing its name.
In the same press release the CFTC warned more generally of "fraudulent schemes involving binary options and their trading platforms". District Court for the District of Nevada to prevent and freeze any further trading with US customers. Banc De Binary at first refused to appear in court in the US for depositions. Despite this, Banc de Binary was brought to trial in Nevada. This followed an earlier hearing where in the absence of any representation from Banc De Binary, charges were filed via email and by post.
The CFTC and SEC's suit also alleges that it did not limit its offerings to eligible contract participants, contrary to US regulations;   a fully regulated broker would complete credit checks on customers to ensure that those with low finances did not trade with them. In response to the US charges the company put out a statement that made no mention of its legal problems, but instead incorrectly implied that they were in negotiations and that they had voluntarily left the US market, when in fact the SEC had taken an injunction out to stop them.
Refunds are being handled by the National Futures Association as court-appointed monitor. On 7 April CySec announced that they had fined Banc De Binary 10, euros after it had 'concealed material information in its request for authorization CIF submitted to the commission in August , namely concealed the existence of close links between it and another company'.
In the UK, Daily Mail newspaper journalist Tony Hetherington reported allegations that Banc De Binary withdrew funds from the accounts of two clients without authorization. Banc De Binary has since denied any wrongdoing. As of October , the company was rated "F" by the United States' Better Business Bureau because 31 complaints had been made against it, including 9 which were unanswered.
The BBB report also offered the opinion that "[t]he site essentially allows investors to gamble on the future price of something at a point in time. In Canada, it is listed on the Ontario Securities Commission 's Investors Warning List of "companies that appear to be engaging in activities that may pose a risk to investors". The AMF also pointed out that, due to the "all or nothing" nature of binary options, an investor who wrongly predicts market movement will lose his entire investment.
The AMF also, like the CFTC, included a more general warning about the risk of fraud in binary options trading in the same press release. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Banc De Binary Type. Retrieved January 12, Retrieved February 2, Banc De Binary to Close Down". Archived from the original on January 9, Retrieved January 9, Archived from the original on January 13, Retrieved January 10, Retrieved January 11, Commodity Futures Trading Commission v.
Banc de Binary Ltd. Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 15 November Retrieved 11 June Retrieved Aug 11, Archived from the original on January 12, Retrieved January 22, Unravelling a fake news story involving Stephen Hawking".
Retrieved June 26, Banc de Binary, et al. Archived from the original on October 17, Retrieved February 4, He later transferred to Infinity Private Investment Funds. Archived from the original on October 4, Retrieved January 23, Our projections were for 10, client accounts by the end of We'd doubled that number by June. Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission. Archived from the original PDF on Bank of England Financial Services Register. Retrieved 8 July Archived from the original on January 11, Retrieved January 24, Australian Securities and Investments Commission.
LR; August 1, ". Retrieved 19 June LR; June 7, ". LR; August 1, Factors that lowered the rating for Banc De Binary include: Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved 15 October Retrieved 13 January Retrieved from " https: Companies established in Financial services companies of Israel Financial services companies of Cyprus Financial derivative trading companies Online gambling companies Defunct companies of Israel Defunct companies of Cyprus 21st-century scandals Confidence tricks Fake news Finance fraud.